1 National policy and its context
In 2010, tasks were fulfilled stated by the fourth programme document of the Slovak Government – National Drug Strategy for the period 2009 – 2012. During 15 year period since the first strategic document in this field was adopted, Slovak Republic became a member of international community joined in combating drug danger and is open for any international activities that direct towards effective solution of drug problem.
Integrated and balanced European approach is the dominant characteristic of the national strategy of drug demand reduction and drug supply reduction.
In the beginning of 2011, the Anti-drug Strategy Coordination Department3 processed the Report on Mid-term Evaluation of the Drug Strategy for 2009-2010. This report then was submitted to the Government of the Slovak Republic and to National Council of the Slovak Republic.
Final evaluation of the National Drug Strategy 2009 – 2012 is scheduled to the beginning of 2013. During 2010 and in the beginning of 2011, after 15 years of drug policy coordination hitherto being executed, some major changes occurred in the type, range and scope of it. Competencies of the special political structure – Board of Ministers for Drug Addictions and Drug Control – that previously arched over comprehensively the drug problem lapsed onto newly established Ministerial Council – a body to cover universally also other fields. Previous executive body of the Board of Ministers – General Secretariat – moved from the Deputy Prime Minister’s section to the section of the Head of the Government Office, where it was incorporated into the Section of Foreign Cooperation. This arrangement created de facto two parallel structures, with different competencies and without internal links and mechanisms defined – at least preliminary.
The anti-drug policy of the Government of the Slovak Republic is based on international treaties of UNO with regard to drugs, Political Declaration on Guiding Principles of Drug Demand Reduction, Special session of the UNO General Assembly and other EU strategy and current Action Plan of EU Anti-Drug Strategy for the period 2009-2012.
The Government of the Slovak Republic is responsible for fulfilment of objectives of the anti-drug policy, which in cooperation with the National Council of the Slovak Republic influences forming of the respective legislative environment for the support of main pillars of the strategy, namely reduction of drug demand (prevention, treatment, resocialization, reduction of harmful effects of drug usage) and application of law for the offer reduction.
The new coalition government established after June parliamentary elections explicitly joined in its programme declaration4 named “Civic responsibility and cooperation” for the period of years 2010 – 2014 the EU anti-drug strategy, the main principles of which are reflected in the National Anti-Drug Strategy 2009 – 2012.